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bbin真人电子_为什么骑自行车学会就忘不掉,可弹琴需要天天练?



发布日期:2021-04-05 00:42:01 发布者:Admin5  点击率:

Once you learn to ride a bicycle, even if you don’t touch it for many years, you can still move forward steadily after stepping on the pedals. Some people say this is called "muscle memory", because the muscles remember the movements of riding a bicycle.

一旦您学会了骑自行车,即使您多年不碰自行车,踩踏板后仍然可以稳步前进。有人说这被称为“肌肉记忆”,因为肌肉会记住骑自行车的动作。

But the piano music I have played many times will become unfamiliar after a period of time without practice. Why can't my muscles remember how to play the piano? To

但是经过一段时间没有练习,我多次演奏的钢琴音乐将变得陌生。为什么我的肌肉不记得怎么弹钢琴?至

                            

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Whether you learn to ride a bicycle or play the piano, you are learning movements. This is the foundation for us to eat, dress and take care of ourselves. It is also the only way to impress people all over the world by showing our movement skills (for example, in the World Cup finals, more than one billion people Looking at how 22 people chase and control a spherical object) [1].

无论您是学习骑自行车还是弹钢琴,都在学习动作。这是我们吃饭,穿衣和照顾自己的基础。这也是通过展示我们的运动技巧来打动全世界的唯一途径(例如,在世界杯决赛中,超过10亿人正在研究22个人如何追逐和控制球形物体)[1]。

After mastering an action, the memory of how to mobilize the muscles will be stored (for example, which muscle should use how much force at what time), so that similar actions can be repeated later, so some people call it "muscle memory".

掌握动作后,将存储有关如何动员肌肉的记忆(例如,哪只肌肉应在什么时候使用多少力量),以便以后可以重复类似的动作,因此有人称其为“肌肉记忆” 。

In the process of learning movements, the morphology of nerve cells in the brain, cerebellum and other parts, as well as the signal transmission function between the cells, have permanent changes. The instructions issued by the nerves are changed, and the way the muscles contract is changed [2-6].

在学习运动的过程中,大脑,小脑和其他部位的神经细胞的形态以及细胞之间的信号传递功能会发生永久性变化。神经发出的指令被改变,肌肉收缩的方式也被改变[2-6]。

For example, the knowledge of the principle of cycling can be understood by listening to others, and you can continue to tell the next person. When learning to ride a bicycle, it’s impossible to learn only by listening to the explanation.

例如,通过听别人可以理解自行车的原理,然后您可以继续告诉下一个人。学习骑自行车时,仅听讲解是不可能的。

 

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The process of "learning" new actions is divided into two types. Although each person has a different progress rate, the process is similar.

“学习”新动作的过程分为两种类型。尽管每个人的进度不同,但过程相似。

For example, when learning to ride a bicycle, whether you can practice it once or after a month of hard training, the final learning to maintain balance is often in an instant. The first minute is not stable, and the next minute suddenly "discovers" the trick. The process of learning to play a piano music is often from intermittent and unfamiliar to proficient and beautiful, and the accumulation of progress is continuous and slow [7].

例如,在学习骑自行车时,无论您能骑一次还是经过一个月的艰苦训练,保持平衡的最终学习往往都在瞬间。第一分钟不稳定,第二分钟突然“发现”窍门。学习弹奏钢琴音乐的过程通常是从断断续续的,陌生的到熟练而优美的,并且进步的积累是连续而缓慢的[7]。

Cycling mainly requires coordination of the whole body. Adjust the body's center of gravity according to the position of the car and the person at the time, adjust the direction with the hands, and control the speed with the legs, so that the bicycle will move forward without falling to one side.

骑自行车主要需要整个身体的协调。根据bbin真人电子当时的汽车bbin真人平台和人的位置调整身体的重心,用手调整方向,并用腿控制速度,以使自行车向前移动而不会跌落到一侧。

Another type of demand focuses on speed and accuracy. For example, when playing the piano, you must precisely control which key to press, when and how hard you press it. Such movements are usually finer,

另一类需求集中在速度和准确性上。例如,弹钢琴时,您必须精确控制要按下的键,按下的时间和力度。这样的动作通常比较好,

These two types of requirements are not all-or-nothing. Sometimes an action has two requirements. For example, riding a bicycle mainly relies on coordination to avoid falling, but in timed competitions or acrobatics, riding a bicycle additionally requires accurate speed and direction control. There are also many daily activities and sports, such as going up stairs, skipping rope, dancing and playing ball.

这两种类型的要求并非全有。有时一个动作有两个要求。例如,骑自行车主要依靠协调性来避免摔倒,但是在定时比赛或杂技中,骑自行车还需要精确的速度和方向控制。还有许多日常活动和体育活动,例如上楼梯,跳绳,跳舞和打球bbin真人平台。

Although the first few times when learning to ride a bicycle, it seems to be the same as if there is no progress. In fact, the nerve cells are planning actions silently, and they will learn it "suddenly" when they accumulate to a certain extent. It is just that there is no way to predict when this "sudden" will happen. appear.

虽然最初几次学习骑自行车,但似乎没有任何进步。实际上,神经细胞正在默默地计划动作,当它们积累到一定程度时,它们将bbin真人电子“突然”学习它。只是没有办法预测这种“突然”发生的时间。出现。

The speed of learning movements is fast or slow, and the time of memory retention after mastery also ranges from tens of minutes to decades.

学习运动的速度快慢,精通后记忆保留的时间也从数十分钟到数十年不等。

Once you learn to ride a bicycle that requires coordination, even if you haven't touched the bicycle for decades, you can still keep your balance by stepping on the pedal again. and,

一旦您学会了需要协调的自行车,即使您数十年来都没有触摸过自行车,仍然可以通过再次踩踏板来保持平衡。和,

Playing the piano requires speed and accuracy, and the memory begins to disappear soon after stopping practice, and more and more forgetting over time. Among them, the greater the difference, the more intermittent, and the quicker the movements that require fine adjustments are forgotten. Just like when you are playing basketball, you rarely shoot continuously. Each time there is a difference in angle and distance, it is easy to throw the "three non-sticks" without practicing for a period of time. "[twenty four].

弹钢琴需要速度和准确性,并且停止练习后记忆会很快消失,随着时间的流逝,越来越多的人会忘记。其中,差异越大,间歇性就越强,而需要精细调整的运动就被忘记得越快。就像在打篮球时一样,您很少连续射击。每次角度和距离都不同时,很容易在不练习一段时间的情况下抛出“三个不粘手”。 “[二十四]。

If the action contains two requirements, the forgetting speed of the two may be inconsistent. It's like riding a bike for many years, and you can still not fall when you get on the bike, but you may slow down and ride a zigzag when turning. A study once tested a ski-like action and found that subjects could still make similar actions after 10 years of interruption, but the amplitude of the action was reduced by 32%, and the frequency was also reduced by 20.4% [7].

如果该动作包含两个要求,则两者的忘记速度可能会不一致。这就像骑了很多年的自行车一样,骑上自行车仍然不会摔倒,但是转弯时可能会减速并曲折行驶。一项研究曾经测试过类似滑雪的动作,发现受试者在中断10年后仍然可以做出类似的动作,但是动作幅度降低了32%,频率也降低了20.4%[7]。

Although many movements feel like they haven’t been learned after a period of time, don’t worry,

尽管一段时间以来,许多动作似乎都没有被学习,但请不要担心,

In addition to the characteristics of the action itself, the situation of accelerated forgetting also includes the small amount of practice in the initial learning, the unskilled mastery of the action, the long time to stop the practice, and the interference of other actions (such as playing badminton well, changing to tennis for a month, and then Back to the badminton court level will drop) [4, 7].

除了动作本身的特征外,加速遗忘的情况还包括初始学习中的练习次数少,对动作的熟练掌握,停止练习的时间长以及其他动作的干扰(例如就像打羽毛球一样好,换了一个月的网球,然后回到羽毛球场的水平下降了[4,7]。

In short, regardless of whether you can see the progress immediately when learning movements, the nervous system will silently progress during the practice and store the memory. Even if you have not practiced for a long time, you can retrieve the previous movement memory, faster or slower. To

简而言之,不管您在学习动作时是否能立即看到进度,神经系统在练习过程中都会默默地前进并存储记忆。即使您没有练习很长时间,也可以更快或更慢地检索以前的运动记忆。至

 
 
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